North America; Niagara Falls

What are the Niagara Falls? Where is it located?

The Niagara Falls is located in North America, covering the border between the US state of New York and Canada. There are a group of three waterfalls; Horseshoe, American and Bridal Veil Falls.

When were the Niagara Falls formed?

The Niagara Falls were formed over 12,000 years ago at the end of the Ice Age. The water came on the edge of Niagara Escarpment – to what is now called Lewiston in New York.

Why are the waterfalls famous? What are they famous for?

Niagara Falls is one of the most famous waterfalls in the world. Located on the border of the United States and Canada, it has been a popular tourist attraction and an important source of hydro-power for over 200 years.

How did Niagara Falls get it’s name?

This is the name from which the “Niagara River” comes from. The French explorers who came to Niagara gave the name “neutral” because of their position between the two fighting Indian nations – Huron and Iroquois.


Horseshoe Falls

The Horseshoe Waterfall, also known as the Canadian Waterfall, is the largest of the three waterfalls. About 90% of the Niagara River, after changes in hydro-power, flows through the Horseshoe Falls. The elevation is 156 m, and the height is 51 m.

American Falls

The American Falls is the second-largest of the three waterfalls that together are known as Niagara Falls along the Canada – U.S. border. The total height is 110 ft (34 m), whereas the total width is 950 ft (290 m). 

The Bridal Veil

The Bridal Veil Falls is the smallest of the three waterfalls of the Niagara Falls. It is located on the American side. The Bridal Veil Falls faces to the northwest and has a 56 ft wide.


Is it okay to visit the Niagara Falls? When is the best time to see it?

The best time to visit Niagara Falls is June to August. Summer is the most recommended season, since it is warm and good weather.It can reach a delightful 22°C! However, in winter, it goes below 3°C! That is cold!


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North America; Hubbard Glacier

What is the Hubbard Glacier? Where is it located?

Hubbard Glacier is a glacier located in eastern Alaska and part of Yukon (which is in Canada). It is North America’s largest glacier. It is 76 miles long, 7 miles wide, 122 km of length and 600 feet tall. 


Why is the Hubbard Glacier famous?

The largest glacier in North America, 76 miles high and 1,200 feet deep, Hubbard Glacier has been called a “galloping glacier” because of how fast it is moving toward the Gulf of Alaska. This area also goes into wildlife similar to that found in a “Glacier Bay”.


How old is the glacier?

The ice at the foot of the Hubbard Glacier is about 400 years old: it takes so long to traverse the length of the glacier. This means that the Hubbard Glacier was formed in 1620. Now, that was a while ago!


How did Hubbard Glacier get it’s name?

You may be asking; How did the Hubbard Glacier get it’s name?                                                                  This glacier is named after a man called Gardiner Hubbard. He was an American lawyer, and has also discovered this glacier.


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