Attitudes towards crime and punishment have varied over different time periods.Methods of punishments have also varied over time and some more cruel punishments that wouldn’t be allowed today were allowed not so long ago.How have attitudes towards crimes changed so much?Have you ever wanted to know how the Romans,Anglo-Saxons,Tudors and Victorians punished crimes.Well throughout this text you will learn how crimes were punished throughout these time periods.Do you think the Romans were cruel with their punishments or do you think they were religious and less harm with their punishments?
How the Romans punished crimes
Roughly around 500BC to 400AD the Romans ruled over most of Britain.The Roman Empire conquered many countries and they were put under very strict laws.Rome because a huge place and streets became slums and people were poor and in poverty.Since people were in poverty and streets were becoming slums , theft and murder became very common crimes and the Romans started giving out cruel punishments frequently.These punishments included death crucifixion and if you committed theft sometimes a fine.The punishment depended on he crime and the value of what you stole.Special people, known as Vigiles were sent out to catch criminals and deal with fires. These vigiles were a group of 7000 people and were very rough when catching criminals who committed crimes like murder and treason.People were also brought to justice by witnesses of the crime in a court room.If you had committed theft or murder you would have been flogged(whipped or caned) However; crimes like treason and stealing things that didn’t have much value would get you killed or a fine.How do you think the Anglo-Saxons punished crimes?
How Anglo-Saxons punished crimes
In the Anglo-Saxon time period major crimes such as murder and treason would lead to a very cruel punishment.These punishments included the death penalty(being killed) and branding;However,crimes like theft would get you a fine or flogged.Crimes that were commonly committed by the same person would get them the punishment of the rack ,which meant having your limbs stretched and eventually chopped off.Did you know if the jury couldn’t decide on a verdict god would decide if you were innocent or guilty.This led to a new type of punishment called trial by ordeal and this meant walking on hot coals for 9 feet bear barefoot and other extremely painful punishments.If you hadn’t heal within 3 days of your punishment you would be found guilty and if you did heal you would be found innocent.
Eventually the Anglo-Saxons created a system called a weregild which meant people in villages would have to catch criminals them self which was very hard and could been painful running around the village.Although, most of the time criminals were punished with a fine or being whipped sometimes you would be sent to prison or death.Did you know you could be left in prison for life to die.How do you think the Tudors punished crimes and do you think it was cruel.
How the Tudors punished crimes
During the times of the Tudors theft and begging were the most commonly committed crimes.This was because people were poor and in poverty and streets were becoming dirty and slums.People would be taken to court by witnesses and could be taken to court if people thought they committed a crime.There was very cruel punishments such as being whipped or having to be put in the stocks.The stocks would lock your head and hands in place and people could call you names and throw anything at you.You could also have been taken to court by people called constables which were an people who were like police sent out to catch criminals who committed murder and treason.Do you want to know how the Victorians punished crimes?
How the Victorians punished crimes
Victorian crimes were a little different to crimes in the Romans times and so were the punishments.Crimes in the Victorians times included pickpocketing which was the most common crime because people were poor and need money so they stole stuff out of pockets of rich people.Another commonly committed crime was treason because people hated the king and tried to overthrow the king.People then put in a police force to catch criminals a lot easier and the police force was a group of 10,000 or more men who were trained to catch criminals who tried to overthrow the king.If you tried to overthrow the king and you were guilty you would be sent on transportation which meant being put on a boat and being sent to Australia and you would be sat at the bottom of a dirty old ship for 6-7 weeks.If you had committed murder you would be put in a prison cell on your own away from the people who live in the village so you can’t harm any more people.You would also be guarded so you couldn’t escape you cell and harm more people.
How people punished crimes in WW2
A common crime during WW2 was bombing places because it killed many people.Bombs were also crime because they could destroy important places like churches that people worshiped in and important cathedrals.You would be brought to justice by the police force since it was much bigger.If you had committed crimes like theft and bombing you would get a fine and fines costed more depending on what you stole and where you bombed.Sometimes if you bombed an important place or stole important things you would be sent on a short prison sentence and maybe a 20 year prison sentence.Also any other crimes like murder and treason got you a very expensive fine and sometimes murdered depending on who you murdered or if you tried to kill the queen or blow the palace up.