Mountains: Did You Know?

How are mountains formed?

Mountains  are formed when the Earths crust is pushed up in big folds or forced up or down in blocks. They form over the course of millions of year, and sometimes even longer! Despite the majority of fold mountains-which you will learn about more- there are different types of mountains such as: Fold, Dome, block and volcanic mountains. Because mountains are consistently eroded (gradually wearing away) by the weather, they are quite jagged. This is because of the mass of weather near to the top of the mountains and the reckless weather.

Block mountains

The formation of a block mountains begins when a portion of the Earth breaks off and then is forced up as two tectonic plates pull apart or push together. To clarify, a block of mountains is made when two tectonic plates move, therefore a slab of land breaks off. Then it is forced up to then become a block mountain. Later on the blocks on either side are forced down, as the mountains gradually become as higher and higher.

Dome mountains

Dome mountains are formed when liquid rock (lava) inside the Earth surface swells and forces the land above to go upwards. The swelling of liquid rock doesn’t break through the Earth surface, instead it creates forced to then create a dome like mountain. This mountain is unlike the volcano because lava wouldn’t break through. 

Fold mountains

These mountains are the most common type of mountains,  to create a fold mountain two tectonic plates would have to collide and push against each other. This action will create a fold. Over the years this will create a fold mountain and eventually maybe even a mountain range!

Plateaus mountains

These mountains are flat areas of land that are found in high places. When a mountain is formed blocks of Earth can drop and lift against each other. That is how the flat areas of a plateaus mountain is made.

 

An informative blog on mountains and how they are formed. Great use of pictures and subheadings. 

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